Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954)

Directed by Jack Arnold

Cinematography by

William E. Snyder
A strange prehistoric beast lurks in the depths of the Amazonian jungle. A group of scientists try to capture the animal and bring it back to civilization for study.
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Nature supplies many mysteries.

27 October 2001 | by Michael O’Keefe (Muskogee OK) – See all my reviews

After finding a claw-like hand, scientists make a return trip to a lagoon off of the Amazon to search for relics. The major discovery is a ‘gill’ man with an eye for the female form. Julie Adams is most certainly an eye opener. Very interesting underwater and location shots. Run of the mill acting from Richard Carlson, Richard Denning and Whit Bissell. This was scarier seen through the eyes of a very young boy on the third row; but still holds your attention. Is this a classic or what?

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Julie Adams in Creature from the Black Lagoon (1954)

Producer William Alland was attending a 1941 dinner party during the filming of Citizen Kane (in which he played the reporter Thompson) when Mexicancinematographer Gabriel Figueroa told him about the myth of a race of half-fish, half-human creatures in the Amazon River. Alland wrote story notes titled “The Sea Monster” 10 years later. His inspiration was Beauty and the Beast. In December 1952 Maurice Zimm expanded this into a treatment, which Harry Essex and Arthur Ross rewrote as The Black Lagoon. Following the success of the 3D film House of Wax in 1953, Jack Arnold was hired to direct the film in the same format.

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The designer of the approved Gill-man was Disney animator Millicent Patrick, though her role was deliberately downplayed by make-up artist Bud Westmore, who for half a century would receive sole credit for the creature’s conception. Jack Kevan, who worked on The Wizard of Oz (1939) and made prosthetics for amputees during World War II, created the bodysuit, while Chris Mueller, Jr. sculpted the head.

giphy

Ben Chapman portrayed the Gill-man for the majority of the film shot at Universal City, California. Many of the on-top of the water scenes were filmed at Rice Creek near Palatka, Florida. The costume made it impossible for Chapman to sit for the 14 hours of each day that he wore it, and it overheated easily, so he stayed in the back lot’s lake, often requesting to be hosed down. He also could not see very well while wearing the headpiece, which caused him to scrape Julie Adams’ head against the wall when carrying her in the grotto scenes. Ricou Browning played the Gill-Man in the underwater shots, which were filmed by the second unit in Wakulla Springs, Florida.

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Why we like the Creature.

Author: john mazzulla (gnosis7@juno.com) from united states
4 February 2003

Today, “The Creature From the Black Lagoon” is considered a classic. The film itself has become a cliche for the “man-in-a-rubber-suit” monster movie, and the “gillman” is now included in the pantheon of classic movie monsters -along with Dracula, Frankenstein, and the Wolfman.

I was a teenager when I first saw this Sci-Fi/Horror gem on television in 1965–the film was already ten years old by then–and I loved it. Surprisingly–even after a decade of watching technically sophisticated, state-of-the-art, unbelievably realistic prosthetic, animatronic, and computer-generated movie monsters–today’s teenagers still love the old “rubber” prototype of all swamp monsters -“The Creature From the Black Lagoon”. This is especially true of teenage boys.

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Why? Perhaps every adolescent male can relate to the film’s star: the Creature is horny, inarticulate, moody, misunderstood, not pleasant to look at, and is unbelievably awkward with girls -the ultimate teenage “geek”. We all remember this classic scene in the movie: the film’s beautiful heroine (Julie Adams) decides to take a dip, unaware that the Creature is swimming below her. The image is archetypal : the powerful “masculine”, and the overtly seductive “feminine”, beautifully juxtaposed in a stylized sexual union. Then, from the murky bottom of his lagoon, the Creature leeringly watches Adams as she performs an erotic underwater ballet, and he knows that, for the moment, he can only look, not touch. (Is the “scaly one” shy and insecure? Or does he simply have a Catholic upbringing?) Indeed, much of the film’s imagery lends itself to Freudian interpretation.

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OK, so it’s not exactly “Beauty and the Beast” -the Creature’s passion is purely primal and elemental. But still, the fact that he restrains himself, satisfying his carnal curiosity with a simple caressing of Julie’s ankles, and then retreats back to the gloomy bottom of his underwater sanctum to secretly watch her react in bewilderment, suggests he may be more human than he appears. But, alas, as any good Freudian will tell you, repression often leads to disfunction. And later in the film, in a brief, but beautifully filmed underwater scene, the Creature savagely drags the tantalizing “Playboy centerfold” down into the Freudian depths to his subterranean grotto -perhaps to hide her under his bed…where his mom can’t find her. (I apologize for the metaphor. It’s getting stale, I know.)

source

“The Creature From the Black Lagoon” was directed by Jack Arnold (“The Incredible Shrinking Man”), who (from 1952 to 1960) directed a series of fantasy/horror films for Universal Studios, including “Revenge of the Creature” -this film’s sequel. Arnold would certainly object to us reading too much symbolism in his gillman, but the Creature may not have achieved such enduring status in monster-mythology if not for the fears and anxieties of the movie-going audience of the ’50s. Arnold’s dramatic use of the Creature succeeds, of course, by exploiting the human fear of the unseen threat lurking below -a very primal, deeply embedded in the human subconscious, and one that’s been ruthlessly exploited by filmmakers in countless horror films.

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But Arnold’s beast may also represent a more intellectualized fear. In the 1950s (and beyond), the threat of nuclear annihilation was very real, and like the creature in Shelly’s “Frankenstein”, Arnold’s lagoon creature represents an elemental force of nature that, once discovered and awakened by science (even well-intentioned science), cannot be controlled -perhaps like the newly tapped, but untamed, power of the atom. Or (and this may sound like apostasy in one of John’s pretentious, sophistical, over-intellectualized movie reviews, in which I’ve constantly and digressively wandered into the Freudian morass) perhaps the Creature is not a mataphor for teenage angst, forbidden knowledge, or cold-war anxiety. Perhaps the Creature is nothing more than a guy in a scary rubber suit chasing a pretty girl around a movie soundstage. But where’s the fun in that?

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“The Creature From the Black Lagoon” is still fun to watch. Actors Richard Carlson (the sophmoric, but noble-minded paleozoologist) and Richard Denning (the ambitious financier) play off each other well. And Julie Adams is simply gorgeous in her custom-made swimsuit. Also, the beautiful (albeit black & white) underwater photography by James C. Haven is appropriately surreal: as the men begin their search and descend into the black depths of the lagoon, they intermittently twirl and hover amidst penetrating shafts of sunlight from above; and as the camera pans the peaceful bottom-landscape of the lagoon, the gillman suddenly springs from clouds of disturbed sediment, thrashing through curtains of shimmering air bubbles and drifting weeds, determined and unstoppable in his persuit of the human intruders.

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But one of the best things about the movie is the music. Some of the themes–written by Henry Mancini and Herman Stein–are quite beautiful; for example, as the expedition slowly makes its way up the dark Amazon, an ensemble of gentle woodwinds can be heard -a soft, subliminal prelude that lets us know we are entering another world, a primeval world. And who can forget the Creature’s signature theme–the brassy, bombastic, three-note progression of DA DA DAAAAA!–whenever “Creech” appeared on the screen?

Of course, the best thing in the film is…the Creature. Jack Arnold suggested that the design of the gillman suit be based on the graceful form of the Motion Picture Academy’s “Oscar” statuette. (Really!) The suit was designed and brilliantly crafted by make-up artist Bud Westmore, and there were two versions -one suit for filming on land, and another for filming underwater. On land, the gillman was played by Ben Chapman.

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Olympic swimmer Ricou Browning wore the gillman suit in the underwater scenes. The “dry suit” that Chapman wore was beautifully colored with iridescent greens and blues, and mottled with many other marine hues. The “wet suit” worn by Browning was a bright yellow -the marine hues chosen for the “dry suit” photographed too dark when filming underwater.

Yeah, I really love this movie. I’m not sure why. Perhaps it’s just one geek relating to another. You see, in the final reel, neither of us got the girl.

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